Meckes, Elizabeth; Melcher, Tai
Convergence of the empirical spectral measure of unitary Brownian motion
Annales Henri Lebesgue, Volume 1 (2018), p. 247-265


KeywordsUnitary Brownian motion, empirical spectral measure, heat kernel measure, concentration


Let {U t N } t0 be a standard Brownian motion on 𝕌N. For fixed N and t>0, we give explicit almost-sure bounds on the L 1 -Wasserstein distance between the empirical spectral measure of U t N and the large-N limiting measure. The bounds obtained are tight enough that we are able to use them to study the evolution of the eigenvalue process in time, bounding the rate of convergence of paths of the measures on compact time intervals. The proofs use tools developed by the first author to obtain rates of convergence of the empirical spectral measures in classical random matrix ensembles, as well as recent estimates for the rates of convergence of moments of the ensemble-averaged spectral distribution.


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