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### Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the spectral effects of an interface between vacuum and a negative-index material (NIM), that is, a dispersive material whose electric permittivity and magnetic permeability become negative in some frequency range. We consider here an elementary situation, namely, 1) the simplest existing model of NIM: the non dissipative Drude model, for which negativity occurs at low frequencies; 2) a two-dimensional scalar model derived from the complete Maxwell’s equations; 3) the case of a simple bounded cavity: a polygonal domain partially filled with a portion of Drude material. Because of the frequency dispersion (the permittivity and permeability depend on the frequency), the spectral analysis of such a cavity is unusual since it yields a nonlinear eigenvalue problem. Thanks to the use of an additional unknown, we linearize the problem and we present a complete description of the spectrum. We show in particular that the interface between the NIM and vacuum is responsible for various resonance phenomena related to various components of an essential spectrum.

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